Chlamydia is a common STD and especially among young sexually active adults. The cause of the disease is a bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Being asymptomatic, it quickly spread as many people are not even aware that they have the disease in the first place. If left untreated, it has been found to be a contributing factor to people getting other diseases such as cervical cancer in women. Having a chlamydia STD test is therefore essential.
Conventional techniques used to test for the disease
Most tests rely on urine, swabs, and DFA to ascertain the presence of chlamydia causing bacteria in the body.
Nucleic Acid Amplification (NAA)
When using this kind of technique, lab experts try to ascertain the presence of DNA of the chlamydia bacteria from body fluids such as urine. The test has proved to be highly efficient. It is advisable to get the test done after five days of potential exposure to increase the accuracy of the results of the test.
Use of urine samples
When obtaining the urine samples, males should not have urinated before the test. As for females, they should not have cleansed their genitalia before providing the urine sample. About 30ml of urine is necessary, and only the first few drops should be collected to minimize the risk of diluting the sample.
The use of direct swab cultures
Direct swab cultures usually are done one the male urethra, vagina, rectum and the endocervix. A culture test is then carried out on the swab. Specific conditions are provided to encourage the growth of the bacteria. This particular type of analysis takes longer, and one can expect results after 5 to 7 days.
When should one get the tests done?
One should consider having the test if they have physical symptoms that they suspect are caused by the STI or if, one is at high risk of getting the infection as is the case with pregnant mothers and people suffering from other STDs. In fact, one has previously suffered from the infection; they should have routine tests done to ascertain if they are entirely free of the disease.
Chlamydia is a treatable disease, and the sooner one starts treatment, the easier it to treat. Today home tests kits are also available making it very easy to test for the disease even from the comfort of your home. Before getting the tests done always ensure you consult a doctor and have the tests done in a reputable laboratory. For those using home test kits, the second opinion from a doctor is always advisable as the kits are not 100% fault proof.